One of the most complicated tasks in flying an airplane is its landing on the runway. An experienced pilot needs to make several smaller flight manoeuvres to get into the safest position to land it. This complicated manoeuvre needs controlling the aircraft via several speed and configurational modifications. If you are a trainee in aviation training, you may need to practice separate manoeuvres of landing to succeed in the task.
About the Landing Flare
The landing flare is also called the round out. Here the pilot shifts from the last descent into the landing attitude. It is considered to be the toughest part to learn in the entire process. A pilot has to understand the factors that impact the plane and carefully time the entire process.
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What Are the Different Phases of Landing?
There are four phases of a normal aircraft landing:
- the final approach,
- the round out
- the touchdown, and
- the landing rollout
When Should a Pilot Round out While Landing?
It is not easy to master the landing flare. It is a very tough aspect of flying an aircraft especially for student pilots. To learn how to flare the airplane for landing, a pilot has to be proficient at handling their aircraft at a very low speed.
He should know in what ways does the local wind impacts their plane. Crosswinds can misalign the plane with the runway, and headwinds can reduce the speed over the ground causing the aircraft to sink quickly than usual. All these things are taught when the pilot undergoes flight training.
Due to these atmospheric conditions, landing can’t be solely determined based on formulas and calculations. For a perfect landing, the presence of mind and focus of the pilot also holds immense significance. They need to evaluate the condition and perform immediate corrections with the changes in the condition.
Ways in Which a Pilots Can Enhance Their Landing Skills
It is important to know that nobody was born with the skill of landing. They cultivated it with practice. Not every landing form is right. There are two important rules specifically for landing that every pilot should know.
- The first rule is the stabilized approach concept. A pilot needs to master the skill of returning the airplane to the stabilized approach. To do this, he would need to perform a go-around/ aborted landing to make reattempts in landing.
- The next rule of a good landing is that the pilot should always be prepared to do a go-around. A good landing always happens when several factors impacting landing are executed correctly. So, if one of the factors does not perform, a pilot should begin again.
Where a professional pilot doesn’t require more go-arounds, a trainee needs to do immense practice to learn landings in different weather conditions and varying aircraft. Practice will make them capable so that they would require very few go-arounds.